Bone Grafting

Major and Minor Bone Grafting

Over a period of time, the jaw bone associated with missing teeth atrophies or is reabsorbed. This often leaves a condition in which there is poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for placement of dental implants. In these situations, most patients are not candidates for placement of dental implants.

We now have the ability to augment and grow bone where needed. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, it also gives us a chance to restore function and aesthetic appearance. The bone graft procedures are referred to as:

Sinus lift procedure

This involves elevating the sinus membrane and placing the bone graft onto the sinus floor, which allows implants to be placed in the back part of the upper jaw.

Ridge augmentation

In severe cases, the ridge has been reabsorbed and a bone graft is placed to increase the ridge height and/or width.

Nerve repositioning

The inferior aveolar nerve, which gives feeling to the lower lip and chin, may need to be moved in order to make room for placement of dental implants to the lower jaw.

These procedures may be performed separately or together, depending on the individual’s condition. Several areas of the body are suitable for attaining bone grafts.

In the maxillofacial region, bone grafts can be taken from inside the mouth, in the area of the chin or third molar region, or in the upper jaw behind the last tooth. In more extensive situations, a greater quantity of bone can be obtained from the hip or the outer side of the tibia at the knee.

These surgeries are performed in the our office surgical suite under I.V. sedation or general anesthesia. After discharge, bed rest is recommended for one day and limited physical activity for one week.

 

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